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Cannabidiol is a versatile drug with a wide range of uses. CBD is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid. This means that it has no intoxicating effect on our central nervous system and does not affect our perception.
 
CBD has a calming effect and can help fight inflammation, pain, cramps, anxiety, nausea and general wellbeing. Somehow or other, the effect of CBD is often described. The effect is mainly due to the activation of our cannabinoid receptors, CB1 and CB2. Today it is proven that cannabinoids have a therapeutic benefit in various diseases. Nonetheless, the question of the actual effect of CBD often crops up. How does CBD actually work?
 
CBD is analgesic
The analgesic effect of cannabidiol has been demonstrated in numerous studies. By activating certain receptors, CBD influences pain perception. The spectrum of impact is very versatile. CBD can help with pain caused by an inflammatory condition such as arthritis. In addition, the cannabinoid is able to inhibit chronic pain, migraine or menstrual cramps.
 
CBD is anti-inflammatory
Cannabidiol can reduce acute and chronic inflammation in the body. For this reason, CBD is also often used to treat inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract, in asthma or arthritis. Also, for chronic inflammatory skin diseases such as psoriasis, the topical application of CBD may be helpful.
 
CBD is anorexic
Cannabinoid CBD reduces appetite and can help you lose weight. The appetite-suppressing effect is also interesting in the context of a conscious lifestyle. This mechanism of action is due to the blockade of a specific receptor of our endocannabinoid system and is used, for example, to treat obesity.
 
CBD is antiemetic
The effect against nausea and nausea is interesting in many ways. Not only is CBD a perfect traveling companion to help against travel sickness, it can also reduce the nausea associated with chemotherapy. As with the anorectic effect of CBD, cannabinoid receptors of our endocannabinoid system play a crucial role.
 
CBD is anti-kinetic
Several clinical studies provide evidence for the sedative effect of CBD on the gastrointestinal tract. A disturbed digestive system can decisively affect our well-being. Not to forget that the gut plays a crucial role in our immune system and general well-being.
 
CBD has an anxiolytic effect
CBD can relieve anxiety and the symptoms it causes. CBD binds to adenosine and serotonin receptors in the spinal cord, which are activated by drugs in mental illness. Including depression and anxiety. The anxiety-calming and soothing effect can help to look at situations from a different angle and reassess them.
 
CBD is neuroleptic
CBD affects the nervous system and has been shown to reduce the loss of reality, hallucinations and delusions.
 
CBD is antiepileptic
The effective effect of epilepsy has been confirmed in some studies, many of which benefit. In conjunction with other antiepileptic therapies, seizure frequency has been reduced in patients with previously refractory epilepsy forms.
 
CBD is antispasmodic
Cramping and tension can be resolved by CBD. Especially in MS-induced spasticity the cannabidiol shows a promising effect.
 
CBD is anti-insomniac
As it turns out, the active ingredient CBD also seems to serve as a sleep aid. Many users report a significant improvement in sleep when taking CBD on a regular basis. This is not least because of the calming effect. It can make it easier to fall asleep and sleep through the night.
 
CBD is immunosuppressive
CB2 receptors affect our immune system and are involved in a variety of functions such as immunosuppression. So far, there are only animal studies, but these show an effective effect of CBD in allergies and hypersensitivity.
 
CBD is anti-diabetic
Scientists suggest that CBD could prevent diabetes and reduce consequences. Inflammation of the pancreas in type 1 diabetes affects insulin production. Due to the anti-inflammatory effect CBD can be used there. Due to its additional effect on circulatory disorders, CBD is also of interest in type 2 diabetes.
 
CBD is neuroprotective
A WHO report on the effects of CBD also mentions the neuroprotective effect. 
 
Conclusion
The endoannabinoid system of the human body consists of a network of receptors that are distributed throughout our body and not infrequently, an imbalance of this system is responsible for complaints. Cannabidiol can restore homeostasis. The primary receptors CB1 and CB2 are transmitters and receivers of messenger substances and can be activated and stimulated by cannabinoids. While the CB1 receptor is responsible for controlling the nervous system, the CB2 receptor affects our immune system.
 
The spectrum of action of CBD is huge. In any case, it should be noted that substances vary from person to person and that general statements on dosage and effects are difficult. Important is the regular intake of CBD. It is best integrated into everyday life as a dietary supplement in order to best benefit from the medical potential of cannabinoids.
 

Source: 

BOEDEFELD, Christian. Wie wirkt CBD? – Eine Übersicht.28 Sep, 2019,. Dostupné z: https://www.hanf-magazin.com/medizin/cannabinoide/cbd-in-der-medizin/wie-wirkt-cbd-eine-uebersicht/